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 Germany’s Energy Transition: Touring Exhibition


The German Embassy inaugurated the German Foreign Office’s “Germany’s Energy Transition: Touring Exhibition” in Islamabad on September 22, 2016, as part of its Energiewende initiative. The exhibition took place from September 22-24, 2016, and showcased Germany’s renewable energy infrastructure, the history of the energy transition in Germany, and gave indications how other countries can improve their energy supplies from renewables. 

Energiewende is the German word for “energy transition” and signifies the shift from fossil fuel based and nuclear energy production to more sustainable energy sources to be completed by 2050, using a well-formulated roadmap. The transition is carried by the German government but finds substantial support in the German population, since it has the additional goal to make the energy supply secure, affordable and sustainable.

Since the Energiewende has gained great recognition and interest from all over the world, the exhibition has already been sent to various countries across the globe, including South Africa, Mexico, China, and the US.

The exhibition provides an overview of the development of the Energiewende in Germany, encouraging other countries to follow suit.


The goals of Energiewende – an Overview:

  • To reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases.

  • To become the driving force for investment modernization in Germany as a location for industry and to contribute to innovation, growth and employment.

  • To make Germany more independent of oil and gas imports.

  • To enable gradual phase out of nuclear energy by 2022.

Renewable energy now constitutes the most important single contributor to the country’s energy supply, with about 30% of the German energy mix currently being supplied by renewables. Based on recent estimates, Germany is well ontrack to achieve a share of 40-50% by 2025 through the implementation of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG). The promotion of renewables through feed-in-tariffs, accompanied by a significant reduction in the cost of renewable energy technologies, has transformed renewable energy from a niche market into an essential pillar of Germany’s power supply.

A fact often overlooked when talking about the energy transition is the role of energy efficiency i.e. maximizing the benefits of the energy produced. As early as 1977, the German government realized the potential of the economical and efficient use of electricity and water to increase the security of energy supply, reduce production costs, and protect the climate. Therefore, energy efficiency became the second pillar of the Energiewende. Germany has set clear goals for 2020, aiming to reduce the total consumption of primary energy sources by 20 percent. For this reason, the German Federal Government is helping private households, companies and municipalities to use their energy more efficiently through financing programmes and a wide range of information and advisory services. According to the German National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency, the key focus is on the building sector, specifically insulation to prevent heat losses. There is an untapped potential for particularly high levels of savings in the building sector because it takes up almost 40 percent of the final energy consumption for heating hot water and lighting, and new buildings consume only 10 percent of the energy consumed in inefficient old buildings, which still constitute 70 percent of buildings in Germany.

The Energiewende is embedded into the ambitious European energy and climate policy framework. This is why the Federal Government welcomes the fact that the European Council has agreed on high-reaching climate and energy targets leading up to 2030. Finally, the goal of Germany’s foreign policy for energy is to ensure long-term reliability and affordability of energy imports. At the same time, it is Germany’s intention to lead as an example for the energy transition both in Europe and worldwide. 


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